Why in python 0, 0 == (0, 0) equals (0, False)

In Python (I checked only with Python 3.6 but I believe it should hold for many of the previous versions as well):

    (0, 0) == 0, 0   # results in a two element tuple: (False, 0)
    0, 0 == (0, 0)   # results in a two element tuple: (0, False)
    (0, 0) == (0, 0) # results in a boolean True

But:

    a = 0, 0
    b = (0, 0)
    a == b # results in a boolean True

Why does the result differ between the two approaches? Does the equality operator handle tuples differently?

The first two expressions both parse as tuples:

  1. (0, 0) == 0 (which is False), followed by 0
  2. 0, followed by 0 == (0, 0) (which is still False that way around).

The expressions are split that way because of the relative precedence of the comma separator compared to the equality operator: Python sees a tuple containing two expressions, one of which happens to be an equality test, instead of an equality test between two tuples.

But in your third example, a = 0, 0 cannot be a tuple. A tuple is a collection of values, and unlike an equality test, assignment has no value in Python. An assignment is not an expression, but a statement; it does not have a value that can be included into a tuple or any other surrounding expression. If you tried something like (a = 0), 0 in order to force interpretation as a tuple, you would get a syntax error. That leaves the assignment of a tuple to a variable – which could be made more explicit by writing it a = (0, 0) – as the only valid interpretation of a = 0, 0.

From: stackoverflow.com/q/44864156

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