What is python .. ("dot dot") notation syntax?
I recently came across a syntax I never seen before when I learned python nor in most tutorials, the
.. notation, it looks something like this:
f = 1..__truediv__ # or 1..__div__ for python 2 print(f(8)) # prints 0.125
I figured it was exactly the same as (except it's longer, of course):
f = lambda x: (1).__truediv__(x) print(f(8)) # prints 0.125 or 1//8
But my q are:
- How can it do that?
- What does it actually mean with the two dots?
- How can you use it in a more complex statement (if possible)?
This will probably save me many lines of code in the future...:)
What you have is a
float literal without the trailing zero, which you then access the
__truediv__ method of. It's not an operator in itself; the first dot is part of the float value, and the second is the dot operator to access the objects properties and methods.
You can reach the same point by doing the following.
>>> f = 1. >>> f 1.0 >>> f.__floordiv__ <method-wrapper '__floordiv__' of float object at 0x7f9fb4dc1a20>
>>> 1..__add__(2.) 3.0
Here we add 1.0 to 2.0, which obviously yields 3.0.