What is the difference between pyenv, virtualenv, anaconda?
I am a ruby programmer trying to learn python. I am pretty family with pyenv since it is like a copy and paste from rbenv. Pyenv helps allow to have more than one version of python in a system and also to isolate the python without touching sensitive part of system.
I suppose every python installation come with pip package. What I still don't understand is, there are many good python libs out there that suggest to use this virtualenv and anaconda. I can even find virtualenv plugin for pyenv.
Now I am getting confused with the purpose of these two pyenv and virtualenv. worse inside pyenv there is a virtualenv plugin.
my questions are:
- what is the difference between pyenv and virtualenv?
- Is there any difference in using pip command inside both pyenv and virtualenv?
- what does this pyenv virutalenv do?
your explanation with example will be highly appreciated.
Edit: It's worth mentioning
pip here as well, as
pip have similarities and differences that are relevant to this topic.
pip: the Python Package Manager.
- You might think of
pipas the python equivalent of the ruby
pipis not included with python by default.
- You may install Python using homebrew, which will install pip automatically:
brew install python
- The final version of OSX did not include pip by default. To add pip to your mac system's version of python, you can
sudo easy_install pip
- You can find and publish python packages using PyPI: The Python Package Index
- The requirements.txt file is comparable to the ruby
- To create a requirements text file,
pip freeze > requirements.txt
- Note, at this point, we have python installed on our system, and we have created a requirements.txt file that outlines all of the python packages that have been installed on your system.
pyenv: Python Version Manager
- From the docs: pyenv lets you easily switch between multiple versions of Python. It's simple, unobtrusive, and follows the UNIX tradition of single-purpose tools that do one thing well. This project was forked from rbenv and ruby-build, and modified for Python.
- Many folks hesitate to use python3.
- If you need to use different versions of python,
pyenvlets you manage this easily.
virtualenv: Python Environment Manager.
- From the docs: The basic problem being addressed is one of dependencies and versions, and indirectly permissions. Imagine you have an application that needs version 1 of LibFoo, but another application requires version 2. How can you use both these applications? If you install everything into /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (or whatever your platform’s standard location is), it’s easy to end up in a situation where you unintentionally upgrade an application that shouldn’t be upgraded.
- To create a
virtualenv, simply invoke
virtualenv ENV, where
ENVis is a directory to place the new virtual environment.
- To initialize the
virtualenv, you need to
source ENV/bin/activate. To stop using, simply call
- Once you activate the
virtualenv, you might install all of a workspace's package requirements by running
pip install -ragainst the project's
Anaconda: Package Manager + Environment Manager + Additional Scientific Libraries.
- From the docs: Anaconda 4.2.0 includes an easy installation of Python (2.7.12, 3.4.5, and/or 3.5.2) and updates of over 100 pre-built and tested scientific and analytic Python packages that include NumPy, Pandas, SciPy, Matplotlib, and IPython, with over 620 more packages available via a simple
conda install <packagename>
- As a web developer, I haven't used Anaconda. It's ~3GB including all the packages.
- There is a slimmed down
minicondaversion, which seems like it could be a more simple option than using
virtualenv, although I don't have experience using it personally.
condaallows you to install packages, these packages are separate than PyPI packages, so you may still need to use pip additionally depending on the types of packages you need to install.
- conda vs pip vs virtualenv (section in documentation from anaconda)
- the difference between pip and conda (stackoverflow)
- the relationship between virtualenv and pyenv (stackoverflow)
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