Why is it possible to replace sometimes set() with {}?

In PyCharm, when I write:

    return set([(sy + ady, sx + adx)])

it says "Function call can be replaced with set literal" so it replaces it with:

    return {(sy + ady, sx + adx)}

Why is that? A set() in Python is not the same as a dictionary {}?

And if it wants to optimize this, why is this more effective?

Python sets and dictionaries can both be constructed using curly braces:

my_dict = {'a': 1, 'b': 2}

my_set = {1, 2, 3}

The interpreter (and human readers) can distinguish between them based on their contents. However it isn't possible to distinguish between an empty set and an empty dict, so this case you need to use set() for empty sets to disambiguate.

A very simple test suggests that the literal construction is faster (python3.5):

    >>> timeit.timeit('a = set([1, 2, 3])')
    0.5449375328607857
    >>> timeit.timeit('a = {1, 2, 3}')
    0.20525191631168127

This question covers some issues of performance of literal constructions over builtin functions, albeit for lists and dicts. The summary seems to be that literal constructions require less work from the interpreter.

From: stackoverflow.com/q/36674083