Django setUpTestData() vs. setUp()

Django 1.8 shipped with a refactored TestCase which allows for data initialization at the class level using transactions and savepoints via the setUpTestData() method. This is in contrast to unittest's setUp() which runs before every single test method.

Question: What is the use case forsetUp() in Django now that setUpTestData() exists?

I'm looking for objective, high-level answers only, as otherwise this question would be too broad for Stack Overflow.

It's not uncommon for there to be set-up code that can't run as a class method. One notable example is the Django test client: you might not want to reuse the same client instance across tests that otherwise share much of the same data, and indeed, the client instances automatically included in subclasses of Django's SimpleTestCase are created per test method rather than for the entire class. Suppose you had a test from the pre-Django 1.8 world with a setUp method like this:

        def setUp(self):
            self.the_user = f.UserFactory.create()
            self.the_post = f.PostFactory.create(author=self.the_user)
            self.client.login(
                username=self.the_user.username, password=TEST_PASSWORD
            )
            # ... &c.;

You might tempted to modernize the test case by changing setUp to setUpTestData, slapping a @classmethod decorator on top, and changing all the selfs to cls. But that will fail with a AttributeError: type object 'MyTestCase' has no attribute 'client'! Instead, you should use setUpTestData for the shared data and setUp for the per-test-method client:

        @classmethod
        def setUpTestData(cls):
            cls.the_user = f.UserFactory.create()
            cls.the_post = f.PostFactory.create(author=cls.the_user)
            # ... &c.;

        def setUp(self):
            self.client.login(
                username=self.the_user.username, password=TEST_PASSWORD
            )

Note: if you are wondering what that variable f is doing in the example code, it comes from factoryboy - a useful fixtures library for creating objects for your tests.

From: stackoverflow.com/q/29428894