# Pandas percentage of total with groupby

This is obviously simple, but as a numpy newbe I'm getting stuck.

I have a CSV file that contains 3 columns, the State, the Office ID, and the Sales for that office.

I want to calculate the percentage of sales per office in a given state (total of all percentages in each state is 100%).

```
df = pd.DataFrame({'state': ['CA', 'WA', 'CO', 'AZ'] * 3,
'office_id': range(1, 7) * 2,
'sales': [np.random.randint(100000, 999999)
for _ in range(12)]})
df.groupby(['state', 'office_id']).agg({'sales': 'sum'})
```

This returns:

```
sales
state office_id
AZ 2 839507
4 373917
6 347225
CA 1 798585
3 890850
5 454423
CO 1 819975
3 202969
5 614011
WA 2 163942
4 369858
6 959285
```

I can't seem to figure out how to "reach up" to the `state`

level of the `groupby`

to total up the `sales`

for the entire `state`

to calculate the fraction.

Paul H's answer is right that you will have to make a second `groupby`

object, but you can calculate the percentage in a simpler way -- just `groupby`

the `state_office`

and divide the `sales`

column by its sum. Copying the beginning of Paul H's answer:

```
# From Paul H
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
np.random.seed(0)
df = pd.DataFrame({'state': ['CA', 'WA', 'CO', 'AZ'] * 3,
'office_id': list(range(1, 7)) * 2,
'sales': [np.random.randint(100000, 999999)
for _ in range(12)]})
state_office = df.groupby(['state', 'office_id']).agg({'sales': 'sum'})
# Change: groupby state_office and divide by sum
state_pcts = state_office.groupby(level=0).apply(lambda x:
100 * x / float(x.sum()))
```

Returns:

```
sales
state office_id
AZ 2 16.981365
4 19.250033
6 63.768601
CA 1 19.331879
3 33.858747
5 46.809373
CO 1 36.851857
3 19.874290
5 43.273852
WA 2 34.707233
4 35.511259
6 29.781508
```

From: stackoverflow.com/q/23377108