Open files in 'rt' and 'wt' modes

Several times here on SO I've seen people using rt and wt modes for reading and writing files.

For example:

    with open('input.txt', 'rt') as input_file:
         with open('output.txt', 'wt') as output_file: 
             ...

I don't see the modes documented, but since open() doesn't throw an error - looks like it's pretty much legal to use.

What is it for and is there any difference between using wt vs w and rt vs r?

t refers to the text mode. There is no difference between r and rt or w and wt since text mode is the default.

Documented here:

    Character   Meaning
    'r'     open for reading (default)
    'w'     open for writing, truncating the file first
    'x'     open for exclusive creation, failing if the file already exists
    'a'     open for writing, appending to the end of the file if it exists
    'b'     binary mode
    't'     text mode (default)
    '+'     open a disk file for updating (reading and writing)
    'U'     universal newlines mode (deprecated)

The default mode is 'r' (open for reading text, synonym of 'rt').

From: stackoverflow.com/q/23051062

Back to homepage or read more recommendations: