# Python Set Comprehension

So I have these two problems for a homework assignment and I'm stuck on the second one.

Use a Python Set Comprehension (Python's equivalent of Set Builder notation) to generate a set of all of the prime numbers that are less than 100. Recall that a prime number is an integer that is greater than 1 and not divisible by any integer other than itself and 1. Store your set of primes in a variable (you will need it for additional parts). Output your set of primes (e.g., with the print function).

Use a Python Set Comprehension to generate a set of ordered pairs (tuples of length 2) consisting of all of the prime pairs consisting of primes less than 100. A Prime Pair is a pair of consecutive odd numbers that are both prime. Store your set of Prime Pairs in a variable. Your set of number 1 will be very helpful. Output your Set of Prime Pairs.

For the first one, this works perfectly:

```
r= {x for x in range(2, 101)
if not any(x % y == 0 for y in range(2, x))}
```

However, I'm pretty stumped on the second one. I think I may have to take the Cartesian product of the set r with something but I'm just not sure.

This gets me somewhat close but I just want the consecutive pairs.

```
cart = { (x, y) for x in r for y in r
if x < y }
```

```
primes = {x for x in range(2, 101) if all(x%y for y in range(2, min(x, 11)))}
```

I simplified the test a bit - `if all(x%y`

instead of `if not any(not x%y`

I also limited y's range; there is no point in testing for divisors > sqrt(x). So max(x) == 100 implies max(y) == 10. For x <= 10, y must also be < x.

```
pairs = {(x, x+2) for x in primes if x+2 in primes}
```

Instead of generating pairs of primes and testing them, get one and see if the corresponding higher prime exists.

From: stackoverflow.com/q/21770885

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