interactive shell debugging with pycharm
I am new to PyCharm. I have been using IDLE for a long time.
It is very convenient to use Python objects after script execution in IDLE. Is there any way to use script objects after its execution with interactive python shell using PyCharm?
For example, we have a 'test' project with one file 'test.py':
a = '123' print a
after execution we can get the result:
123 Process finished with exit code 0
How can I use string 'a' with interactive shell?
Built-in python shell for current debug session
- Set a breakpoint at the line of interest in your code (i.e. by clicking the gutter), and launch debug (right-click in the editor then pick Debug myfile.py... ).
- When the breakpoint is reached, locate the Debug > Console tab, and then click the Show command line icon (see screenshot).
This will enable a python shell (notice the green
>>> on the screenshot) where you can access all the variables in the current scope, and do everything you usually do in the Python shell.
In recent pycharm versions you get the full ipython interpreter instead of the plain python shell (if ipython is installed).
The Evaluate expression window
As a more comfortable alternative, if you only need to inspect some variables, access members or call methods on an object in scope, once a breakpoint is reached, select an expression in the current scope, right-click -> Evaluate Expression (or use the hotkey shown in the menu under
Evaluate Expression...), edit as needed — you can type any python expression, with auto-completion available — and then press Enter (or click Evaluate ) to inspect the result.
Multiple and multiline expressions are supported: to get a multiline version of the Inspect dialog click the Code fragment mode or select more than one line of code in the editor and then evaluate the expression. You can assign values to existing variables (new ones cannot be defined), and run entire chunks of code.
Mouse hover over variables
To see the value of a variable after you hit a breakpoint in debug mode, hover the mouse pointer over the variable (1-2 seconds) and the value will be shown in a tooltip.
The hint will contain a
➕ icon — clicking it will open the inspector in a popup.
For the variables in scope the inspector is shown in the bottom panel under Debug > Debugger.
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