Adding a legend to PyPlot in Matplotlib in the most simple manner possible

TL;DR -> How can one create a legend for a line graph in Matplotlib's PyPlot without creating any extra variables?

Please consider the graphing script below:

    if __name__ == '__main__':
        PyPlot.plot(total_lengths, sort_times_bubble, 'b-',
                    total_lengths, sort_times_ins, 'r-',
                    total_lengths, sort_times_merge_r, 'g+',
                    total_lengths, sort_times_merge_i, 'p-', )
        PyPlot.title("Combined Statistics")
        PyPlot.xlabel("Length of list (number)")
        PyPlot.ylabel("Time taken (seconds)")
        PyPlot.show()

As you can see, this is a very basic use of matplotlib's PyPlot. This ideally generates a graph like the one below:

Graph

Nothing special, I know. However, it is unclear as to what data is being plotted where (I'm trying to plot the data of some sorting algorithms, length against time taken, and I'd like to make sure people know which line is which). Thus, I need a legend, however, taking a look at the following example below(from the official site):

    ax = subplot(1,1,1)
    p1, = ax.plot([1,2,3], label="line 1")
    p2, = ax.plot([3,2,1], label="line 2")
    p3, = ax.plot([2,3,1], label="line 3")

    handles, labels = ax.get_legend_handles_labels()

    # reverse the order
    ax.legend(handles[::-1], labels[::-1])

    # or sort them by labels
    import operator
    hl = sorted(zip(handles, labels),
                key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    handles2, labels2 = zip(*hl)

    ax.legend(handles2, labels2)

You will see that I need to create an extra variable ax. How can I add a legend to my graph without having to create this extra variable and retaining the simplicity of my current script.

Add a label= to each of your plot() calls, and then call legend(loc='upper left').

Consider this sample:

    import numpy as np
    import pylab 
    x = np.linspace(0, 20, 1000)
    y1 = np.sin(x)
    y2 = np.cos(x)

    pylab.plot(x, y1, '-b', label='sine')
    pylab.plot(x, y2, '-r', label='cosine')
    pylab.legend(loc='upper left')
    pylab.ylim(-1.5, 2.0)
    pylab.show()

enter image description here Slightly modified from this tutorial: http://jakevdp.github.io/mpl_tutorial/tutorial_pages/tut1.html

From: stackoverflow.com/q/19125722

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