py.test: Pass a parameter to a fixture function
I am using py.test to test some DLL code wrapped in a python class MyTester. For validating purpose I need to log some test data during the tests and do more processing afterwards. As I have many test_... files I want to reuse the tester object creation (instance of MyTester) for most of my tests.
As the tester object is the one which got the references to the DLL's variables and functions I need to pass a list of the DLL's variables to the tester object for each of the test files (variables to be logged are the same for a test_... file). The content of the list is shall be used to log the specified data.
My idea is to do it somehow like this:
import pytest class MyTester(): def __init__(self, arg = ["var0", "var1"]): self.arg = arg # self.use_arg_to_init_logging_part() def dothis(self): print "this" def dothat(self): print "that" # located in conftest.py (because other test will reuse it) @pytest.fixture() def tester(request): """ create tester object """ # how to use the list below for arg? _tester = MyTester() return _tester # located in test_...py # @pytest.mark.usefixtures("tester") class TestIt(): # def __init__(self): # self.args_for_tester = ["var1", "var2"] # # how to pass this list to the tester fixture? def test_tc1(self, tester): tester.dothis() assert 0 # for demo purpose def test_tc2(self, tester): tester.dothat() assert 0 # for demo purpose
Is it possible to achieve it like this or is there even a more elegant way?
Usually I could do it for each test method with some kind of setup function (xUnit-style). But I want to gain some kind of reuse. Does anyone know if this is possible with fixtures at all?
I know I can do something like this: (from the docs)
@pytest.fixture(scope="module", params=["merlinux.eu", "mail.python.org"])
But I need to the parametrization directly in the test module. Is it possible to access the params attribute of the fixture from the test module?
I had a similar problem--I have a fixture called
test_package, and I later wanted to be able to pass an optional argument to that fixture when running it in specific tests. For example:
@pytest.fixture() def test_package(request, version='1.0'): ... request.addfinalizer(fin) ... return package
(It doesn't matter for these purposes what the fixture does or what type of object the returned
It would then be desirable to somehow use this fixture in a test function in such a way that I can also specify the
version argument to that fixture to use with that test. This is currently not possible, though might make a nice feature.
In the meantime it was easy enough to make my fixture simply return a function that does all the work the fixture previously did, but allows me to specify the
@pytest.fixture() def test_package(request): def make_test_package(version='1.0'): ... request.addfinalizer(fin) ... return test_package return make_test_package
Now I can use this in my test function like:
def test_install_package(test_package): package = test_package(version='1.1') ... assert ...
and so on.
The OP's attempted solution was headed in the right direction, and as @hpk42's answer suggests, the
MyTester.__init__ could just store off a reference to the request like:
class MyTester(object): def __init__(self, request, arg=["var0", "var1"]): self.request = request self.arg = arg # self.use_arg_to_init_logging_part() def dothis(self): print "this" def dothat(self): print "that"
Then use this to implement the fixture like:
@pytest.fixture() def tester(request): """ create tester object """ # how to use the list below for arg? _tester = MyTester(request) return _tester
If desired the
MyTester class could be restructured a bit so that its
.args attribute can be updated after it has been created, to tweak the behavior for individual tests.